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润滑油进了一点水还能用吗?

来源:www.jnkangpeng.com 编辑者:康鹏华彩新能源 发布日期:[2017-07-04 17:08] 浏览:|

  随着经济的不断发展,行业中对润滑油的实际需求量不断增加,并且其性能作用是非常突出的。在实际的应用中发挥着非常重要的作用,那么,如果润滑油不小心进了一点水还能用吗?润滑油中含的水分超过标准值,容易降低润滑油的润滑性能。当油含水量严重时甚至会导致油液报废,造成严重的停机故障,损害机械设备。下面就来听听润滑油厂家详细的介绍。

  With the continuous development of the economy, the actual demand for lubricants in the industry is increasing, and its performance is very prominent. In actual applications play a very important role, then, if the lubricant accidentally into a little water can still use it? The water content of lubricating oil exceeds the standard value, it is easy to reduce the lubricating properties of lubricating oil. When the water content of oil is serious, even lead to oil waste, causing serious downtime, damage to machinery and equipment. Here to listen to lubricants manufacturers detailed introduction.

  1、降低润滑能力。润滑油生产厂家讲,润滑油中基础油的变质和添加剂的失效降低了油膜的厚度和刚度,进而降低油膜的承载能力。水分受到高温、高压作用时,容易导致小气泡形成并破裂,造成气蚀磨损,使油的润滑性能下降。

  1, reduce lubrication capacity. Lubricating oil manufacturers say that the deterioration of base oil in lubricating oil and the failure of additives reduce the thickness and stiffness of the oil film, and thus reduce the load-carrying capacity of the oil film. When water is subjected to high temperature and high pressure, it will lead to the formation and rupture of small bubbles, which will cause cavitation erosion and wear down.

  2、造成设备磨损腐蚀和锈蚀。润滑油中的水与空气共同作用于钢铁部件,很容易发生电化学腐蚀反应, 使部件锈蚀。润滑油添加剂中的某些元素与油中的水结合,产生酸蚀作用,会使油系统的部件腐蚀和锈斑。

  2, resulting in equipment wear, corrosion and corrosion. Water and air in lubricating oil act on iron and steel parts together, and it is easy to cause electrochemical corrosion. Some elements of lubricating oil additives and oil in water with acid inhibition, makes the oil system component corrosion and rust.

  3、促进生成油泥。水分还能与润滑油中的杂质如铁屑发生反应生成铁皂,铁皂与油中较大的颗粒如胶质形成油泥。这些油泥聚集在油路系统造成摩擦表面供油不足,加快了机件的磨损,降低了机械的使用寿命。

  3, to promote the formation of sludge. Moisture can also react with impurities in the lubricant, such as iron filings, to produce iron soaps. Iron soaps and larger particles in the oil, such as gum, form oil sludge. These sludge accumulation in the oil system, resulting in friction surface insufficient oil supply, speed up the wear of parts, reducing the service life of the machine.

  4、降低润滑油品质。润滑油的组分主要有基础油和各种添加剂。润滑油中的水分会促进基础油氧化变质产生乳化现象。润滑油中的添加剂一般为有机化合物,清净分散剂、 抗磨剂、防腐剂等都是表面活性剂,容易形成胶束状态,从而造成添加剂失效。

  4, reduce the quality of lubricating oil. The composition of lubricating oil mainly consists of base oil and various additives. The water in the lubricating oil will promote the oxidation of base oil and cause emulsification. Additives in lubricating oils are usually organic compounds, such as detergent, dispersant, antiwear agent, preservative and so on. They are surface active agents and easy to form micelle state, which leads to the failure of additives.

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